The Farm is designated Site of Special Cultural Interest as part of the Paraty Architecture and Landscape National Heritage of the Municipality of Paraty.
An integral part of the history of Paraty
Today, Fazenda Bananal is the result of meticulous restoration and reforestation of the forest and planting areas. These lands that once saw Indians trace their main path of access to the interior, production cycles of sugar, gold and coffee and the descent and rebirth of Paraty, have a lot of stories to tell.
The grounds of the Farm belonged to the Guaianá Indians who hunted and harvested their food there. The Estrada Real that crosses the lower part of the Farm was originally part of the Guaianá Indigenous Trail that connected the coast to the Paraíba Valley, as far as the region of Taubaté.
Dating back to the 17th century, the property is directly linked to the history of the town of Paraty, when Fazenda Bananal was known as “Três Fazendas” (Three Farms): Bananal de Cima (the ‘higher’ farm, near the Gold Path, housing the “Casa do Senhor” the Landowner’s House); Bananal do Meio (the ‘middle’ farm, where the slaves lived) and Bananal de Baixo (the ‘lower’ farm).
This region was formerly inhabited by the Guaianá Indians, who opened the original Paraty trail to Taubaté, in the Paraíba Valley, which was used as the base for the original Gold Path, up until the 17th century.
The Farm went through all the cycles in the region – gold and sugar – until it reached the production of cachaça (a distilled liquor made of sugarcane) and manioc flour.